Artocarpus Revision

Natural distribution of the genus Artocarpus (Moraceae)

Artocarpus (ca. 70 species) is the third largest genus in the Moraceae family. Species are distributed from South Asia east into Oceania, with the greatest species diversity in Malesia. The genus contains numerous economically important species that are grown in their native regions for timber or fruit. Two species, jackfruit and breadfruit, are cultivated throughout the tropics. Revisionary work of the genus is underway and is supported by NSFaward 0919119. Given the great diversity of inflorescence types and pollination modes within the Moraceae family and the many cultivated Artocarpus species, a phylogenetically informed revision will allow for in depth research on  pollination shifts and identification of underutilized crop wild relatives to help conserve diversity and advance crop development.

Schematic of Moraceae phylogeny with pollination modes indicated.

Schematic of Moraceae phylogeny with pollination modes indicated.

Underutilized Artocarpus crops. From upper left moving clockwise: Breadfruit (A. altilis); breadfruit flower; jackfruit (A. heterophyllus) in the market in Banglades;, edible jackfruit “bulbs”; terap (A. odoratissimus) in the market in Sabah, Malaysia; cempedak (A. integer); fried cempedak bulbs in a market in Thailand.

Underutilized Artocarpus crops. From upper left moving clockwise: Breadfruit (A. altilis); breadfruit flower; jackfruit (A. heterophyllus) in the market in Banglades;, edible jackfruit “bulbs”; terap (A. odoratissimus) in the market in Sabah, Malaysia; cempedak (A. integer); fried cempedak bulbs in a market in Thailand.